Journal of Electrical and Electronic Engineering

| Peer-Reviewed |

Implementation of Synchronous Bidirectional Converter Using a Fuzzy Logic Controller

Received: 15 August 2023    Accepted: 1 September 2023    Published: 20 September 2023
Views:       Downloads:

Share This Article

Abstract

A bidirectional converter is necessary for power transfer between two different voltage levels. This paper describes the implementation of the combined conventional buck and boost converter as the bidirectional converter, using the fuzzy logic controller as the control algorithm. The intrinsic diode of the MOSFET is used when the MOSFET is not in conduction mode, these diodes work as a conventional diode in each power conversion mode. The synchronous switching mode for both MOSFETs reduces the power losses during the switching due to the low RDS of the MOSFET over conventional diodes. Analyzing the parasitic resistance for both passive and active components helps optimize the component’s parasitic parameters to obtain optimal efficiency. The design of the fuzzy logic controller consists of fuzzy rules with the Mamdani inference system and membership function parameter tuning to achieve the best performance on low overshoot and fast transient response. The fuzzy logic controller is designed as a single controller to be compatible with both power conversion directions. The optimized design of only 8 fuzzy rules proved to be efficient for a fast microcontroller runtime with a robust transient response. The bidirectional converter can achieve up to 96% efficiency for the buck mode of 290W and 91% efficiency for the boost mode of 260W.

DOI 10.11648/j.jeee.20231105.11
Published in Journal of Electrical and Electronic Engineering (Volume 11, Issue 5, October 2023)
Page(s) 99-114
Creative Commons

This is an Open Access article, distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/), which permits unrestricted use, distribution and reproduction in any medium or format, provided the original work is properly cited.

Copyright

Copyright © The Author(s), 2024. Published by Science Publishing Group

Keywords

Bidirectional Converter, Boost Converter, Buck Converter, Electric Vehicle, Fuzzy Logic, MOSFET, Synchronous

References
[1] E. Kayacan and M. A. Khanesar, "Fundamentals of Type-1 Fuzzy Logic Theory," in Fuzzy Neural Networks for Real-Time Control Applications, 2016, pp. 13-24.
[2] D. Somwanshi, M. Bundele, G. Kumar and G. Parashar, "Comparison of Fuzzy-PID and PID Controller for Speed Control of DC Motor using LabVIEW," Procedia Computer Science, vol. 152, pp. 252-260, 2019.
[3] M. Restrepo, J. Morris, M. Kazerani and C. A. Cañizares, "Modeling and Testing of a Bidirectional Smart Charger for Distribution System EV Integration," IEEE Transactions on Vehicular Technology, vol. 9, no. 1, pp. 152-162, 2018.
[4] S. A. Gorji, H. G. Sahebi, M. Ektesabi and A. B. Rad, "Topologies and Control Schemes of Bidirectional DC–DC Power Converters: An Overview," IEEE Access, vol. 7, pp. 117997-118019, 2019.
[5] IEEE, "IEEE Standard for Technical Specifications of a DC Quick and Bidirectional Charger for Use with Electric Vehicles - Redline," IEEE Std 2030.1.1-2021 (Revision of IEEE Std 2030.1.1-2015), pp. 1-263, 2022.
[6] C. Jinglu, Z. Fengrui, D. Yonghui and W. Xinzheng, "Design of Synchronous Rectification DC-DC Converter," 2021 IEEE 5th Advanced Information Technology, Electronic and Automation Control Conference (IAEAC), pp. 88-92, 2021.
[7] F. Kawther, C. D. Elhak and S. Lassaâd, "2017 International Conference on Green Energy Conversion Systems (GECS)," in On-board bidirectional battery chargers topologies for plug-in hybrid electric vehicles, 2017, pp. 1-6.
[8] D. Czarkowski, "DC-DC Converters," in Power Electronics Handbook (Third Edition), New York, 2011, pp. 249-263.
[9] L. A. Zadeh, "Is there a need for fuzzy logic?" Information Sciences, vol. 178, no. 13, pp. 2751-2779, 2008.
[10] G. Lakkas, "MOSFET power losses and how they affect power-supply efficiency," Analog Applications Journal, pp. 22-26, 2016.
[11] C. Buttay, H. Morel, B. Allard, P. Lefranc and O. Brevet, "Model requirements for simulation of low-voltage MOSFET in automotive applications," IEEE Transactions on Power Electronics, vol. 21, no. 3, pp. 613-624, 2006.
[12] M. Peppel and B. Weis, "Optimized reverse diode operation of power MOSFETs," Conference Record of the 2000 IEEE Industry Applications Conference. Thirty-Fifth IAS Annual Meeting and World Conference on Industrial Applications of Electrical Energy (Cat. No.00CH37129), vol. 5, pp. 2961-2965, 2000.
[13] S. Mennillo, A. Spessot, L. Vendrame and L. Bortesi, "An Analysis of Temperature Impact on MOSFET Mismatch," 2009 IEEE International Conference on Microelectronic Test Structures, Oxnard, CA, USA, pp. 56-61, 2009.
[14] M. Lupták, "LEAD ACID BATTERY CHARGING," Power-One, Inc., California, 2014.
[15] T. Palanisamy, "Charging techniques for a universal lead-acid battery charger," Proceedings of the 34th International Power Sources Symposium, pp. 72-76, 1990.
[16] E. Valeriot, T. Chang and D. Jochim, "Fast charging of lead-acid batteries," Proceedings of 9th Annual Battery Conference on Applications and Advances, pp. 33-38, 1994.
[17] S. Nahar and M. B. Uddin, "Analysis the performance of interleaved boost converter," 2018 4th International Conference on Electrical Engineering and Information & Communication Technology (iCEEiCT), pp. 547-551, 2018.
[18] B. Saharia, J. Saharia and B. Talukdar, "Theoretical study on performance constraints of a dc-dc boost converter," International Conference on Innovations in Electrical and Electronics Engineering (ICIEEE-2014), vol. 9, 2014.
[19] H. Solaiman, M. M. Hasan, A. Mohammad, S. R. Kawsar and M. A. Hassan, "Performance analysis of DC to DC boost converter using different control methods," 2015 IEEE International Conference on Electrical, Computer and Communication Technologies (ICECCT), pp. 1-5, 2015.
[20] R. W. Erickson and D. Maksimović, "Inductor Design," in Fundamentals of Power Electronics, Cham, Springer International Publishing, 2020, pp. 459-483.
[21] C. W. T. MClyman, "DC Inductor Deisgn, Using Gapped Cores," in Transformer and Inductor Design Handbook, California, Marcel Dekker, Inc, 2011, p. 8.
[22] P. M. Larsen, "Industrial applications of fuzzy logic control," International Journal of Man-Machine Studies, vol. 12, no. 1, pp. 3-10, 1980.
[23] B. Arbetter and D. Maksimovic, "DC-DC converter with fast transient response and high efficiency for low-voltage microprocessor loads," APEC '98 Thirteenth Annual Applied Power Electronics Conference and Exposition, Anaheim, CA, USA, vol. 1, pp. 156-162, 1998.
[24] Y. Qin, Y. Yang, S. Li, Y. Huang, S.-C. Tan and S. Y. Hui, "A High-Efficiency DC/DC Converter for High-Voltage-Gain, High-Current Applications," IEEE Journal of Emerging and Selected Topics in Power Electronics, vol. 8, no. 3, pp. 2812-2823, 2020.
[25] I. Perfilieva, "Analytical Theory of Fuzzy IF-THEN Rules with Compositional Rule of Inference," in Fuzzy Logic: A Spectrum of Theoretical & Practical Issues, Berlin, Heidelberg, Springer Berlin Heidelberg, 2007, pp. 174-191.
[26] B. L. a. H. M. a. H. B. a. E. M. A. a. H. H., "Hardware implementation of fuzzy logic MPPT controller on a FPGA platform," 2015 3rd International Renewable and Sustainable Energy Conference (IRSEC), pp. 1-6, 2015.
[27] G. Vacheva, N. Hinov and V. Dimitrov, "Modelling of DC/DC Bidirectional Converter for Electric Vehicles Application," 2019 42nd International Spring Seminar on Electronics Technology (ISSE), pp. 1-5, 2019.
[28] C. Srun, F. A. Samman and R. S. Sadjad, "A High Voltage Gain DC-DC Converter Design based on Charge Pump Circuit Configuration with a Voltage Controller," 2018 2nd International Conference on Applied Electromagnetic Technology (AEMT), pp. 79-84, 2018.
[29] F. A. Samman, C. Srun and R. S. Sadjad, "Adaptive Look-up Table and Interpolated PI Gain Scheduling Control for Voltage Regulator Using DC-DC Converter," International Journal of Innovative Computing, Information and Control, vol. 15, no. 2, pp. 489-501, 2019.
[30] Z. J. Shen, Y. Xiong, X. Cheng, Y. Fu and P. Kumar, "Power MOSFET Switching Loss Analysis: A New Insight," Conference Record of the 2006 IEEE Industry Applications Conference Forty-First IAS Annual Meeting, Tampa, FL, USA, pp. 1438-1442, 2006.
[31] Z.-Y. Zhao, M. Tomizuka and S. Isaka, "Fuzzy gain scheduling of PID controllers," IEEE Transactions on Systems, Man, and Cybernetics, vol. 23, no. 5, pp. 1392-1398, 1993.
Cite This Article
  • APA Style

    Virbora Ny, Saran Meas, Channareth Srun. (2023). Implementation of Synchronous Bidirectional Converter Using a Fuzzy Logic Controller. Journal of Electrical and Electronic Engineering, 11(5), 99-114. https://doi.org/10.11648/j.jeee.20231105.11

    Copy | Download

    ACS Style

    Virbora Ny; Saran Meas; Channareth Srun. Implementation of Synchronous Bidirectional Converter Using a Fuzzy Logic Controller. J. Electr. Electron. Eng. 2023, 11(5), 99-114. doi: 10.11648/j.jeee.20231105.11

    Copy | Download

    AMA Style

    Virbora Ny, Saran Meas, Channareth Srun. Implementation of Synchronous Bidirectional Converter Using a Fuzzy Logic Controller. J Electr Electron Eng. 2023;11(5):99-114. doi: 10.11648/j.jeee.20231105.11

    Copy | Download

  • @article{10.11648/j.jeee.20231105.11,
      author = {Virbora Ny and Saran Meas and Channareth Srun},
      title = {Implementation of Synchronous Bidirectional Converter Using a Fuzzy Logic Controller},
      journal = {Journal of Electrical and Electronic Engineering},
      volume = {11},
      number = {5},
      pages = {99-114},
      doi = {10.11648/j.jeee.20231105.11},
      url = {https://doi.org/10.11648/j.jeee.20231105.11},
      eprint = {https://article.sciencepublishinggroup.com/pdf/10.11648.j.jeee.20231105.11},
      abstract = {A bidirectional converter is necessary for power transfer between two different voltage levels. This paper describes the implementation of the combined conventional buck and boost converter as the bidirectional converter, using the fuzzy logic controller as the control algorithm. The intrinsic diode of the MOSFET is used when the MOSFET is not in conduction mode, these diodes work as a conventional diode in each power conversion mode. The synchronous switching mode for both MOSFETs reduces the power losses during the switching due to the low RDS of the MOSFET over conventional diodes. Analyzing the parasitic resistance for both passive and active components helps optimize the component’s parasitic parameters to obtain optimal efficiency. The design of the fuzzy logic controller consists of fuzzy rules with the Mamdani inference system and membership function parameter tuning to achieve the best performance on low overshoot and fast transient response. The fuzzy logic controller is designed as a single controller to be compatible with both power conversion directions. The optimized design of only 8 fuzzy rules proved to be efficient for a fast microcontroller runtime with a robust transient response. The bidirectional converter can achieve up to 96% efficiency for the buck mode of 290W and 91% efficiency for the boost mode of 260W.},
     year = {2023}
    }
    

    Copy | Download

  • TY  - JOUR
    T1  - Implementation of Synchronous Bidirectional Converter Using a Fuzzy Logic Controller
    AU  - Virbora Ny
    AU  - Saran Meas
    AU  - Channareth Srun
    Y1  - 2023/09/20
    PY  - 2023
    N1  - https://doi.org/10.11648/j.jeee.20231105.11
    DO  - 10.11648/j.jeee.20231105.11
    T2  - Journal of Electrical and Electronic Engineering
    JF  - Journal of Electrical and Electronic Engineering
    JO  - Journal of Electrical and Electronic Engineering
    SP  - 99
    EP  - 114
    PB  - Science Publishing Group
    SN  - 2329-1605
    UR  - https://doi.org/10.11648/j.jeee.20231105.11
    AB  - A bidirectional converter is necessary for power transfer between two different voltage levels. This paper describes the implementation of the combined conventional buck and boost converter as the bidirectional converter, using the fuzzy logic controller as the control algorithm. The intrinsic diode of the MOSFET is used when the MOSFET is not in conduction mode, these diodes work as a conventional diode in each power conversion mode. The synchronous switching mode for both MOSFETs reduces the power losses during the switching due to the low RDS of the MOSFET over conventional diodes. Analyzing the parasitic resistance for both passive and active components helps optimize the component’s parasitic parameters to obtain optimal efficiency. The design of the fuzzy logic controller consists of fuzzy rules with the Mamdani inference system and membership function parameter tuning to achieve the best performance on low overshoot and fast transient response. The fuzzy logic controller is designed as a single controller to be compatible with both power conversion directions. The optimized design of only 8 fuzzy rules proved to be efficient for a fast microcontroller runtime with a robust transient response. The bidirectional converter can achieve up to 96% efficiency for the buck mode of 290W and 91% efficiency for the boost mode of 260W.
    VL  - 11
    IS  - 5
    ER  - 

    Copy | Download

Author Information
  • Faculty of Electronics, National Polytechnic Institute of Cambodia, Phnom Penh, Cambodia

  • Faculty of Electronics, National Polytechnic Institute of Cambodia, Phnom Penh, Cambodia

  • Faculty of Electronics, National Polytechnic Institute of Cambodia, Phnom Penh, Cambodia

  • Sections