Journal of Electrical and Electronic Engineering

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Simulation Study on Self-Focusing Effect of Satellite Laser Communication Under Extreme Ionospheric Conditions

Received: 19 July 2023    Accepted: 23 August 2023    Published: 3 November 2023
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Abstract

Satellite laser communication has developed rapidly, with advantages such as strong anti-interference ability, good confidentiality, high communication rate, freedom from frequency resource constraints, large capacity, small equipment size, low power consumption, and light weight, which can meet the increasingly high requirements for data transmission rate and security in maritime communication. When laser propagates in the ionospheric plasma, the laser pulse undergoes a self-focusing effect. Under extreme conditions such as sudden ionospheric disturbances, the electron density in the ionosphere greatly increases, which has a significant impact on laser transmission. This article analyzes the mechanism of focused beam generation, uses PIC method to simulate the self-focusing effect of laser under extreme conditions in the ionosphere, and studies and determines the method of introducing self-focusing effect in PIC simulation. The self-focusing electric field structure is compared with beams without self-focusing with the same parameters. The results indicate that when laser propagates under extreme conditions in the ionosphere, the front edge of the laser pulse bends, and its laser oscillation frequency increases. In the latter half of the laser pulse, due to the self-focusing effect of the plasma, the width of the laser pulse decreases and the focusing effect is obvious.

DOI 10.11648/j.jeee.20231105.12
Published in Journal of Electrical and Electronic Engineering (Volume 11, Issue 5, October 2023)
Page(s) 115-120
Creative Commons

This is an Open Access article, distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/), which permits unrestricted use, distribution and reproduction in any medium or format, provided the original work is properly cited.

Copyright

Copyright © The Author(s), 2024. Published by Science Publishing Group

Keywords

Satellite Laser Communication, Ionosphere, Self-Focusing, Simulation

References
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[2] R. G. Marshalek, G. S. Mecherle, P. R. Jordan. System-Level Comparison of Optical and RF Technologies for Space-to-Space and Space-to-Ground Communication Links. Proc. SPIE. 1996, 2699: 134~145.
[3] Guo-An Yan, Hua Lu. Nonreciprocal singlephoton router in quantum networks [J]. Physica Scripta. 2021. 96 (10): 105102.
[4] Wang Chao, Jiang Lun, Keyan Dong, An Yan, Jiang Huilin. Analysis of the Polarization Characteristic of a Satellite-to-Ground Laser Communication Optical System. Laser & Optoelectronics Progress. 2015. 52 (12): 120607.
[5] Yin Weike. Study on the Propagation and Scattering Characteristics of Electromagnetic Waves in Inhomogeneous Plasma [D]. XiDian University. 2020: 13.
[6] Jones D. Peter Roach, James Hartmann, Jane Setter, eds., English Pronouncing Dictionary [M]. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. 1917.
[7] Kelly M. The Earth's ionosphere: Plasma physics and electrodynamics [M]. Elsevier, 2012.
[8] Schunk R W, Walker J C. Theoretical ion densities in the lower ionosphere. Plant. Sp. Sci., 1973, 21 (8): 75-1896.
[9] Burm, K. T. A. L. Plasma: The Fourth State of Matter. Plasma Chem Plasma Process 32, 401–407 (2012).
[10] Yanfang Li, Jian Wang, N. Yang, Jun-qi Liu, Tao Wang. et al. The output power and beam divergence behaviors of tapered terahertz quantum cascade lasers. Optics Express. 2013. 21 (13): 15998-16006.
[11] Láska, L., Badziak, J., Boody, F., Gammino, S., Jungwirth, K., Krása, J., Wolowski, J. et al. (2007). Factors influencing parameters of laser ion sources. Laser and Particle Beams, 25 (2), 199-205.
[12] Láska, L., Jungwirth, K., Krása, J. et al. Experimental studies of interaction of intense long laser pulse with a laser-created Ta plasma. Czech J Phys 56 (Suppl 2), B506–B514 (2006).
[13] Guo Zheng Sun, etc. Self-focusing of short intense pulses in plasmas [J]. Phys. Fluids 30, 526 (1987).
[14] Masud Mansuripur. Gaussian Beam Optics. Optics and Photonics News. 2001. 12 (1): 44-45.
[15] J. Greenwood,‘PHY4025 Part: 1 Ultrafast Atomic & Molecular Dynamics in Intense Laser Fields’.
[16] Qiang Zhang. Study on the Monitoring of Global Ionospheric TEC Based on Multi-GNSS and Multi-Source Space Observation Techniques [D]. Wuhan University. 2019: 23.
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  • APA Style

    Ning Li. (2023). Simulation Study on Self-Focusing Effect of Satellite Laser Communication Under Extreme Ionospheric Conditions. Journal of Electrical and Electronic Engineering, 11(5), 115-120. https://doi.org/10.11648/j.jeee.20231105.12

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    ACS Style

    Ning Li. Simulation Study on Self-Focusing Effect of Satellite Laser Communication Under Extreme Ionospheric Conditions. J. Electr. Electron. Eng. 2023, 11(5), 115-120. doi: 10.11648/j.jeee.20231105.12

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    AMA Style

    Ning Li. Simulation Study on Self-Focusing Effect of Satellite Laser Communication Under Extreme Ionospheric Conditions. J Electr Electron Eng. 2023;11(5):115-120. doi: 10.11648/j.jeee.20231105.12

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  • @article{10.11648/j.jeee.20231105.12,
      author = {Ning Li},
      title = {Simulation Study on Self-Focusing Effect of Satellite Laser Communication Under Extreme Ionospheric Conditions},
      journal = {Journal of Electrical and Electronic Engineering},
      volume = {11},
      number = {5},
      pages = {115-120},
      doi = {10.11648/j.jeee.20231105.12},
      url = {https://doi.org/10.11648/j.jeee.20231105.12},
      eprint = {https://article.sciencepublishinggroup.com/pdf/10.11648.j.jeee.20231105.12},
      abstract = {Satellite laser communication has developed rapidly, with advantages such as strong anti-interference ability, good confidentiality, high communication rate, freedom from frequency resource constraints, large capacity, small equipment size, low power consumption, and light weight, which can meet the increasingly high requirements for data transmission rate and security in maritime communication. When laser propagates in the ionospheric plasma, the laser pulse undergoes a self-focusing effect. Under extreme conditions such as sudden ionospheric disturbances, the electron density in the ionosphere greatly increases, which has a significant impact on laser transmission. This article analyzes the mechanism of focused beam generation, uses PIC method to simulate the self-focusing effect of laser under extreme conditions in the ionosphere, and studies and determines the method of introducing self-focusing effect in PIC simulation. The self-focusing electric field structure is compared with beams without self-focusing with the same parameters. The results indicate that when laser propagates under extreme conditions in the ionosphere, the front edge of the laser pulse bends, and its laser oscillation frequency increases. In the latter half of the laser pulse, due to the self-focusing effect of the plasma, the width of the laser pulse decreases and the focusing effect is obvious.},
     year = {2023}
    }
    

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  • TY  - JOUR
    T1  - Simulation Study on Self-Focusing Effect of Satellite Laser Communication Under Extreme Ionospheric Conditions
    AU  - Ning Li
    Y1  - 2023/11/03
    PY  - 2023
    N1  - https://doi.org/10.11648/j.jeee.20231105.12
    DO  - 10.11648/j.jeee.20231105.12
    T2  - Journal of Electrical and Electronic Engineering
    JF  - Journal of Electrical and Electronic Engineering
    JO  - Journal of Electrical and Electronic Engineering
    SP  - 115
    EP  - 120
    PB  - Science Publishing Group
    SN  - 2329-1605
    UR  - https://doi.org/10.11648/j.jeee.20231105.12
    AB  - Satellite laser communication has developed rapidly, with advantages such as strong anti-interference ability, good confidentiality, high communication rate, freedom from frequency resource constraints, large capacity, small equipment size, low power consumption, and light weight, which can meet the increasingly high requirements for data transmission rate and security in maritime communication. When laser propagates in the ionospheric plasma, the laser pulse undergoes a self-focusing effect. Under extreme conditions such as sudden ionospheric disturbances, the electron density in the ionosphere greatly increases, which has a significant impact on laser transmission. This article analyzes the mechanism of focused beam generation, uses PIC method to simulate the self-focusing effect of laser under extreme conditions in the ionosphere, and studies and determines the method of introducing self-focusing effect in PIC simulation. The self-focusing electric field structure is compared with beams without self-focusing with the same parameters. The results indicate that when laser propagates under extreme conditions in the ionosphere, the front edge of the laser pulse bends, and its laser oscillation frequency increases. In the latter half of the laser pulse, due to the self-focusing effect of the plasma, the width of the laser pulse decreases and the focusing effect is obvious.
    VL  - 11
    IS  - 5
    ER  - 

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Author Information
  • Department of Navigational Technology, Merchant Marine College, Shanghai Maritime University, Shanghai, China

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